Acid reflux or Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) disease occurs when the acid rich liquid content of the stomach regurgitates into the esophagus. This liquid can inflame and damage the lining of your esophagus. The refluxed liquid may also contain bile that has backed-up into the stomach from the small intestine (duodenum).
The stomach acid is the most harmful component of the refluxed liquid. Although bile may damage your esophagus, the extent of the damage is not as completely understood as the damaging effects of stomach acid.
Unfortunately, acid reflux is a chronic condition. There is no acid reflux cure. Even after you receive treatment for acid reflux disease and your esophagus heals, the symptoms of acids reflux will return, and the damage will reoccur.
A painful or burning sensation in the upper abdomen or chest, sometimes radiating to the back (heartburn).
Difficulties breathing and suffer from hoarseness because the refluxed fluid irritates the larynx and respiratory tract.
Excess belching is common.
When does acid reflux occur?
- After eating a large or fatty meal.
- After drinking alcohol.
- Lying down, bending over or bending and lifting.
- After smoking.
- After eating chocolate, caffeine, onions, spicy foods, mint and some medications.
- Lying down soon after eating.
After taking tranquilizers, such as benzodiazepines including diazepam (Valium) and alprazolam (Xanax).
After taking Theophylline (Elixophyllin), an asthma medication. In some cases, acid reflux symptoms may have no apparent cause.